In the clip below, you can see a couple things going on. First, the AI are building units, expanding into different systems, purchasing technology upgrades, and voting in a political agenda. These are just a few of the AI capabilities we have implemented, and will continue to improve on to make them challenging for players. Also, you can see the process of building units. A player must first construct an Orbital Construction Facility (OCF). This unit requires you build it on a planet you have conquered (not bartered with and not simply discovered). Its construction capacity is also based on the resources of the planet. So a planet with few resources can only build a few ships per turn. Last, it cannot create units on the same turn it was created, which is why the player waits until their next turn to create new ships.