Okay, Couldn't find my answer here or on BGG. I am thoroughly confused by paragraph 3.2.1 "Hey! My Formation Didn't Activate!", quoted here: "If a Formation doesn't activate during a turn, its owner keeps all but one End Turn marker in his possession when the Formation and End Turn markers are returned to the cup. He returns any End Turn markers he possesses to the cup on the following turn immediately after the formation is activated. This means that if you have two, or even three, Formations that don't activate, you hold the End Turn marker/s until all three have activated. If both sides have Formations that don't activate, both sides will hold End Turn markers out of the cup on the following turn." So, I'm playing a turn. Formations on both side activate and eventually an End Turn marker is pulled. Play continues until the second End Turn marker is pulled. At that time, I find that two of my Formations have not yet activated, but all of my opponent's Formations have activated. At this point, we enter the Marker Removal Phase. This is where things get fuzzy for me. My understanding is that normally during the Marker Removal Phase, both Player's Formation markers and both of the End Turn markers get tossed back into the cup. However, in the case where a Formation(s) don't activate, does "its owner keeps all but one End Turn marker in his possession when the Formation and End Turn markers are returned to the cup" mean that I do not return any of my Formation markers to the cup while my opponent returns all of his? At this point, I envision a pile of Formation markers and an End Turn marker sitting in front of me while my two un-activated formations get dog piled by my opponent's Formation markers when he places all of his Formation markers back into the cup. Play then continues with my two lonely Formation markers in the cup with all of my opponent's Formation markers and a single End Turn marker; the other End Turn marker and all of my remaining formations are sitting in front of me. The turn continues until both of my Formations are activated, at which point I place the End Turn marker I am holding back into the cup ("you hold the End Turn marker/s until all three have activated."). At this point, (1) I have no Formation markers in the cup, (2) my opponent may or may not have Formation markers in the cup, and (3) there are one or more End Turn markers in the cup. I have not actually played a game yet, primarily due to my confusion over this paragraph. Is the intent to "punish" a side for not having all of its Formations to activate during a turn to simulate some sort of command and control failure? Or, am I just having an "English as a First Language" moment?