- Oct 20, 2014
- Livonia, MI (Detroit-area suburb)
The bomber campaign was not as decisive as promised when it was initiated, but the attrition to the industrial capacity over the years took it's toll or the targeted facilities would have continued to be returned to service after May 1944 and the fuel replenishment wouldn't have ended in November 1944.The bomber campaign was not as effective as the Allies thought. The US Strategic Bombing Survey created after the war assessed that the moral bombing failed more or less completely, but also that the Germans managed to repair most of the targeted facilities until around May 1944, usually they got their refineries and plants back to like 60%-90% output, usually within weeks, sometimes even within days. The German oil production and distribution crippled as late as November 1944. Only the 1944 bomber campaign targeting oil fields in Rumania, refineries and hydrogen plants in Germany showed a lasting effect, because that campaign involved consecutive raids on those targets, where then the Germans did not manage to apply sufficient repairs, eventually. In between, most - if not all - refineries were repaired 1 - 3 times resulting in reduced output, but then stayed at a 0-15% output level, iirc, due to the power (and number) of the bombardments.
The loss of the refining capacity that couldn't be repaired after May 1944 most likely lead to the end of fuel distribution once reserves were exhausted in November of 1944.